A display screen reveals Emmanuelle Charpentier and Jennifer Doudna throughout announcement of 2020 Nobel in Chemistry

Paris, France:

The Nobel prizes stay very a lot a person’s world, particularly in science, however with 4 feminine laureates named this yr, ladies are step by step getting extra recognition.

For the reason that first Nobel prizes got out in 1901, 58 ladies have been rewarded, representing solely 6.2 p.c of the 934 laureates (excluding establishments) total, in keeping with an AFP database.

Nonetheless the variety of ladies laureates has been steadily growing over the a long time, with 11.1 p.c within the 2010s and 9.2 p.c within the 2000s, in opposition to 5.four p.c within the 1900s and a pair of.6 p.c within the 1910s.

There have been, nonetheless, none within the 1950s.

The newest additions to the Nobel membership are America’s Louise Gluck (the poet took the literature prize), Andrea Ghez (who shared physics) and Jennifer Doudna who received the chemistry award with France’s Emmanuelle Charpentier.

The three ladies scientists have pulled off fairly a feat in getting their prizes in two of essentially the most male-dominated disciplines.

Success in science

Doudna and Charpentier’s chemistry win is barely the third time in Nobel historical past {that a} lady or an all-female workforce have taken it, after Marie Curie and the British X-ray crystallography pioneer Dorothy Crowfoot Hodgkin received it on their very own in 1911 and 1964 respectively.

As a Frenchwoman, Charpentier follows within the footsteps of Curie and her daughter Irene Joliot-Curie, who received the prize in 1935 in a tandem together with her mom and husband Frederic Joliot.

Marie Curie was the primary lady laureate in 1903 in physics, and is to this point the one one to have received two Nobels (1903 in physics and 1911 in chemistry).

Girls make up only one.9 p.c of physics laureates, or 4 out of 216, whereas they received seven out of 186 chemistry prizes.

The drugs and economics awards are additionally closely male dominated, with 5.four p.c of girls laureates in drugs (12 out of 222) and a pair of.three p.c (two out of 86) in economics.

The Nobel peace prize (15.9 p.c, or 17 out of 107), not taking into consideration these awarded to establishments, and literature (13.7 p.c, 16 out of 117) are barely extra ladies pleasant.

Just like the prizes themselves, the Nobel committees awarding them are additionally male-dominated, with ladies holding lower than 1 / 4 of the locations.

There are, for instance, solely two ladies among the many seven members of the committee which selects the literature laureate, one out of seven for physics and 4 out of 18 for drugs.

(This story has not been edited by NDTV workers and is auto-generated from a syndicated feed.)



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